A comparison between biodiversity monitoring systems to improve natural resource management in Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve, Cambodia
by Sophat Seak, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt and Gopal B. Thapa (2012)
The choice between professional and community-based methods for monitoring biodiversity and biological resources is largely dependent on the availability of resources. Professional methods are more expensive than community-based methods and are often not feasible in developing countries where technical and financial resources are limited. There is, therefore, a need to assess already existing or develop new simple, cost-effective approaches to monitor biodiversity and biological resources in developing countries.
This paper examines and compares three systems for monitoring biodiversity and biological resources in Tonle Sap Great Lake of Cambodia:
Data were generated using key informant interviews, focus group discussions and direct observation. The three types of monitoring are assessed with respect to perceived cost, methodological rigour, ease of use, compatibility with existing day-to-day activities of the local stakeholders and efficiency of intervention. Recommendations are made on how to improve each individual type of monitoring as well as the overall quality of monitoring on Tonle Sap Lake.